Stapes surgery, also known as stapedotomy or stapedectomy, is a surgical procedure performed to treat a condition called otosclerosis. Otosclerosis is a progressive hearing loss condition characterized by the abnormal growth of bone in the middle ear, specifically around the stapes bone.
The stapes bone is the smallest bone in the human body and plays a crucial role in transmitting sound vibrations from the middle ear to the inner ear.
Stapes surgery aims to restore hearing by replacing the affected stapes bone or creating a small opening in it to improve its movement. The procedure is typically performed under local or general anesthesia, and it can be done as an outpatient procedure, meaning the patient does not have to stay overnight in the hospital.
There are two main types of stapes surgery
Stapedotomy and stapedectomy. In a stapedotomy, a small hole is drilled into the stapes footplate, and a tiny prosthesis, usually made of Teflon or titanium, is placed to bypass the affected bone and improve sound transmission. This procedure is less invasive and has a faster recovery time compared to stapedectomy.
Stapedectomy, on the other hand, involves removing the entire stapes bone and replacing it with a prosthesis. This procedure may be necessary in cases where the stapes bone is severely affected by otosclerosis or other complications. The prosthesis used in stapedectomy can be made of various materials, such as stainless steel, platinum, or titanium.
Success rate of stapedotomy and stapedectomy
Both stapedotomy and stapedectomy have high success rates in improving hearing. After the surgery, patients may experience immediate improvement in their hearing, although it may take some time for the full benefits to be realized. It is important to note that while the surgery can significantly improve hearing, it may not restore it to normal levels in all cases.
Stapes surgery is a well-established surgical procedure used to treat otosclerosis and restore hearing. It can significantly improve hearing outcomes for patients affected by this condition. If you suspect you have hearing loss due to otosclerosis, it is important to consult an ear, nose, and throat specialist or an otologist who can evaluate your condition and determine whether stapes surgery is a suitable treatment option for you.
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