Hip replacement is a surgical procedure that involves replacing a damaged or diseased hip joint with an artificial joint, known as a prosthesis. This procedure is commonly performed to relieve pain, improve mobility, and enhance the overall quality of life for individuals suffering from conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or hip fractures.
The hip joint is one of the largest weight-bearing joints in the body, and over time, it can be subject to wear and tear, leading to pain, stiffness, and decreased function.
Hip replacement surgery has seen significant advancements over the years, with improvements in surgical techniques, materials used, and prosthesis design. There are various types of hip replacements available, including total hip replacement, in which both the ball and socket are replaced, and partial hip replacement, which involves only replacing the femoral head. The choice of procedure depends on the individual patient’s condition and the surgeon’s recommendation.
Hip replacement carries some risks. These can include infection, blood clots, dislocation of the joint, nerve or blood vessel damage, and implant failure. However, advances in surgical techniques, infection control measures, and improved implant materials have greatly reduced the occurrence of complications.
The patient being placed under general or regional anesthesia. An incision is made over the hip joint, and the damaged bone and cartilage are removed. The femoral head, which is the rounded top of the thigh bone, is then replaced with a metal or ceramic ball attached to a stem that fits into the hollow center of the femur. The damaged socket in the pelvis is also removed and replaced with a metal or plastic cup that acts as the new joint socket. The artificial components are securely fixed to the bone using cement or are designed to allow the bone to grow into the prosthesis for stability.
Hip replacement surgery is a highly effective treatment for individuals suffering from hip joint conditions such as arthritis or fractures. The procedure aims to relieve pain, improve mobility, and enhance the overall quality of life. With advancements in surgical techniques and implant materials, hip replacement has become a common and successful surgical intervention, allowing patients to regain function and enjoy a more active lifestyle.
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Hajela Hospital and research Centre, Bhopal, M.P. was established on 14.01.1995. We have been providing expert care and treatment for more than 28 years.